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2019年8月24日托福寫作考題解析 - 葉建萍

作者:葉建萍 2019-09-05 18:41 來源:武漢編輯
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北美考試院 托福寫作組 葉建萍


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本期考題考察的話題屬于在托福綜合寫作考試中考察占比較少一些的生態類話題,主要考察的是植物在某方面的功能,形成對比的觀點。    在TPO中涉及到相關植物類話題的并不多,比如TPO 21, TPO 18, 但在近幾年考試,植物類的題目并不少。在2017年植物類的考題出現了5次,分別是:(20170325CN), (20170708CN),(20170715CN下午場(20170909CN),(20171112CN)。而在2018年出現了7次,分別是:(20180415CN),(20180512CN),(20180714CN),(20180825CN)(20180902CN),(20181028CN),(20181215CN)。希望從這些綜合材料能給考生關于這類話題提供可借鑒的解題思路。


Keywords: knees, oxygen, methane, lodging resistance


20180415CN


閱讀部分:


總觀點:提出三種方法應對危害某種palm的害蟲。


1. 一旦植物被感染,就砍掉;


2. 用某種化學物質做陷阱;


3. 殺蟲劑。


聽力反駁:


總觀點:這三種方法都有缺點。


1. 植物被感染早期沒有明顯癥狀,發現的時候已經狀況嚴重。害蟲早就擴散得不可收拾;


2. 藥效受時間限制,需要經常更換。而且時間久了,害蟲會有抗性;


3. 殺蟲劑無法根除全部害蟲。只要有一點沒有消滅,很快就會迅速繁殖。此外,殺蟲劑對樹木的傷害也不可以忽視。


TPO21 Planting genetically modified trees


閱讀部分:


總觀點:genetically modified trees帶來很多好處。


1 比普通樹容易成活;


2 帶來經濟上的收益;


3 阻止野生樹木的過渡砍伐。


聽力反駁:


總論點:genetically modified trees會造成問題和經濟損失


1 不能確保genetically modified trees成活,因為相同的gene,遇到環境改變,更容易wipe out;


2 成本更貴,種這種樹農民不能收集種子,所以每次種這種樹都需要買種子,并且這種子比一般種子貴。


3 會對普通樹造成傷害,genetically modified trees有侵略性,跟普通樹爭奪資源,比如sunlight, soil, nutrients, and water, eventually crowding out the natural trees。


2019.08.24托福獨立寫作真題

Independent Writing Task


In areas where there are many restaurants, some people prefer to eat at restaurants frequently. Other people prefer to cook at home and rarely go to restaurants.


Which do you prefer?



題目解析:


8月4日的獨立寫作在(20170610CN)就考過,對于考生來說,這道題不是特別難。這道二選一的題目,考生只需要從在餐館與在家吃各有什么優點,就可以想出分論點。大部分考生都有在外吃的經歷,比如:自由,美味和省時。而在家吃,可以從健康,省錢以及舒適等角度去考慮,所以考生可以根據自己的生活經驗和個人喜好來確定立場,完成寫作。


在分析題目時需要注意的是題目其中一個關鍵詞提到In areas where there are many restaurants, 在這一條件的限制下,考生不要在寫作中提到附近沒有餐館,所以不方便,這樣容易跑題。請參考如下范文:


Every person has different life style and preference, especially when it comes to food. Some people regard eating meal at restaurants as a luxury enjoyment, in terms of financial situation. Therefore, they tend to eat at home to save the money or stay healthy. I, personally speaking, prefer eating my meals at restaurants. My reasons are given below.


First, food offered in restaurants is always tastier than food cooked at home. Since carefully prepared by professional chefs, it is more delicious and mouthwatering. Who can boldly claim that he or she cooks better dishes than those chefs? Absolutely not. It is the flavor and taste that attract many customers, thus making a profit to the restaurant owners. In addition, a large variety of cuisines from different countries and regions are served at local restaurants. These cuisines offer me a chance to gain a completely new dining experience, by which I have learned much about exotic culture and custom. For example, when I firstly ate pizza at pizza hut, I didn't know how to hold the fork and knife. After listening to the detailed explanation by the kind waitress, I came to know the answers to my questions. At the same time, I was fascinated by this foreign food made by adding other ingredients to bread to make it more flavorful. This experience, therefore, became an impetus for my longing for eating out more often.


Another reason is that eating at restaurants can be very time-saving, given that buying ingredients, such as meat, vegetables or fruit, in the local supermarket or groceries will take at least one or two hours, let alone the travel time. Plus, if I cook by myself, I will use two hours to prepare food and wash dishes after having my not-so-tasty lunch, another two to have super. In this case, four hours are wasted every day. On the contrary, If I choose to have my meal in the restaurant, this will save a large amount of time. To be more specific, I can have four more hours each day to equip myself with new knowledge. That is to say, I can spend these four hours on preparing the final exams or do some related quizzes. Take my classmate as an example to further explain this. When my classmate, Mike, is preparing for an important test. He always cooks dinner himself and continues to do so during this period. So, he has at most 5 hours to study every day. However, I tend to eat at restaurants and hence has 7 hours for the test preparation. As a result, I, eventually, got the higher score in this test.


All in all, as far as I am concerned, considering the advantages for eating at restaurants, having my three meals at restaurants is preferable to cooking at home. For the latter will sacrifice more important and more rewarding things.


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