400-009-9696

2019年8月24日托福寫作考題解析 - 葉曉軒

作者:葉曉軒 2019-09-05 18:30 來源:武漢編輯
收藏

北美考試院 托福寫作組 葉曉軒


圖片1.png


本期考題考察的話題屬于托福綜合寫作考試中非常高頻的生態類話題,主要考察的是動物保護方面的子話題,分析的瀕危動物保護中問題的對策。


在TPO中有大量材料也涉及到了相關話題,分別涉及到了滅絕/減少原因推測—推翻推測


(TPO34; TPO10),瀕危動物保護對策—推翻對策(TPO48),生物習性猜測—推翻猜測


(TPO47,45,43,29)。考生可選擇上述提到的TPO材料,熟悉相關話題詞匯,分析材料結構并練習寫作結構。


Keywords: bird; decline; protection; strategy; endangered.


可以類比下列這些TPO的綜合寫作。


TPO 34 Sea Cow extinction


閱讀部分:


總觀點:導致sea cow 滅絕的主要原因有三種猜想


? Native people’s overhunting the sea cows for food caused the extinction.


? Ecosystem disturbance caused their main source of food, kelp, to decline, and thus led to its extinction.


? European fur traders killed the last sea cow soon after they arrived in the area, and was the main cause of the extinction.


聽力反駁:


總觀點:sea cow滅絕原因尚有爭議,上述猜想都有問題。


? 海牛體型大;當地人口少。因此不需要捕獵過多海牛,更不至于導致他們滅絕;


? 如果有生態系統擾動,其他生物也應該受到影響,比如鯨魚,但是沒有鯨魚數量下降的記錄。


? 皮毛販賣商到達這個地方的時候sea cow的數量就已經很少了,幾百年前才是它們的數量峰值。因此有某種因素在歐洲皮毛商來之前就一直在產生影響導致了海牛數量持續下降。所以歐洲皮毛商不是導致海牛滅絕的main cause。


TPO 48 Declining frog populations


閱讀部分:


總觀點:there are three suggestions on how to prevent the frog populations from declining.


? The pesticides aimed at insects in the farmland spread into the frog habitat, causing the frog’s skin to thicken and die from dehydration. 


? A kind of fatal fungus is threatening the frogs. There are methods discovered to treat or prevent infection.


? Protect the marshes and wetland in order to reserve the habitat for frogs.


聽力反駁:


? 總論點:all the solutions are not practical


? Farmers working near the frog habitat would lose their competitiveness in the market if they are required to use less pesticides since they would undergo severe crop loss with using less pesticides.  


? The treatment has to be applied to each frog of the population and again and again to all the new generations, for that it would not be able to prevent the infection from being passed onto the offspring of the infected generation.


? Protecting lakes or wetlands would not help, because the main threat to these water and wetland habitats is not the excessive use of water by human but the global warming, which is on a much larger scale.


圖片2.png


題目解析:


8月24日上午場的獨立寫作是一道比較經典的教育類考題,討論的是大學中授課方法的問題。題目中提到的授課方法是,事先錄好課程讓學生先自己熟悉,課上時間則用來幫助學生練習課前所學到的內容。該授課方法同時存在各種利弊,可以采用不同情況分析法進行構思。


題干中的核心事件是上課這一活動,因此根據不同情況分析法,考生可根據上課前、中、后三個場景中,該授課方法可能造成的利弊來進行構思。例如課前自學時間安排更自由vs. 課前自學沒人監督指導基礎差的同學會掉隊;上課中練習只針對沒掌握的內容,效率更高vs. 課堂上只練習學生可能會不重視課堂走神、曠課;上課后學生可以針對課上練習的結果加強鞏固不會的內容vs. 課上練習做完了,課后完全不想再復習。


段落安排建議采取兩種形式之一:第一,分別說明這樣做的3個好處/弊端,即組織三個立論段;第二,以2+1的形式組織2個立論段和1個讓步段。


請參考如下范文:


Owing to the continuously accelerating advances in technology, the teaching methods nowadays are undergoing drastic changes. The method of sending recordings of lectures to students beforehand is among the reasonable choices for university teachers now. Though this procedure has been criticized that it may inhibit students’ interest in class, I personally advocate this method for the following concerns.    


First of all, access to the lesson content before class enables students to learn at their own pace. Typically, in the university, the capacity of a lecture could be considerably larger than that of a high school class. Thus, it is generally impossible for the professor to take care of every single attendee in the class, despite the fact that there may be students who are not good at the current field and could not follow. However, by sending recordings of the lectures in advance, these students are allowed to spare more time for the lectures they are not good at, from those they are adept in. Allocating more time to these lectures, they could turn to their classmates or search for helpful resources by themselves. Therefore, it is less likely for students to fall behind others in the same class, since they have got the chance to pay more effort to their work.


On top of that, students and professors would be able to cooperate more efficiently during the class. If students are allowed to preview the content before class, they would be able to figure out which parts demand further explanation, as well as what they have already mastered. Therefore, students who do not understand part of the lecture, say part A, could only pay attention to the professor’s speech during this part A. Afterward, they may turn to the assigned practice by the professor when it goes to the next part. Besides, this method could help the professors improve their teaching efficiency as well. The professor could assign fixed practice regarding each part, allowing the students to deal with the task if they have had a good command of the content. As a result, the professor could pay more attention to those who need more guidance in terms of each part. Both the students and the professor could work with higher efficiency during the class time, which leads to my strong recommendation of this method.


Unavoidably, there is a chance that students do not make good use of the material and keep their learning the old way. But it is very likely that once this approach is carried out for a certain period of time, those students, who actively adapt themselves to it, would make considerable progress than their lazy peers. This peer pressure would be the best solution to the laziness. Besides, this method aims at the university students, who are mature grownups already. They should have learned to undertake full responsibility of their own schoolwork. Thus it should not be an issue hindering the implementation of this method.


Given all the merits mentioned above, it is safe to say that providing university students with the lecture recordings ahead of class is everything but problematic. University professors and students should definitely try to take advantage of it rather than raise up too much worries about it.


英語高能高分·就上新航道   >>點擊在線咨詢<<

400-009-9696


  • 品牌簡介
  • 留學服務
  • 課程中心
  • 精品項目
  • 微課
  • 校區地圖
熱門活動

注冊/登錄

+86
獲取驗證碼

登錄

+86

收不到驗證碼?

知道了

找回密碼

+86
獲取驗證碼
下一步

重新設置密碼

為您的賬號設置一個新密碼

保存新密碼

密碼重置成功

請妥善保存您的密碼
立即登錄

為了確保您的帳號安全

請勿將帳號信息提供給他人/機構

成人黄色网