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2019年8月3日托福寫作考題解析 - 馬錦雯

作者:馬錦雯 2019-09-05 18:14 來源:武漢編輯
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北美考試院 托福寫作組 馬錦雯


2019.08.03 托福綜合寫作真題

Integrated Writing Task

閱讀部分:火星(Mars)上的隕石(meteorite)研究證明火星上可能存在生命


1、電子顯微鏡(electron microscope)下看到的隕石化石形狀,發現形狀類似于地球上的細菌;


2、火星上找到了一些結構(structure),類似于細菌分解形成的


3、找到了一些鐵礦石(grains of magnetite), 地球上也有類似的物質,用來定位使用;


聽力反駁:政府有必要投資藝術家和藝術組織


1. 這些分割的(segmented)形狀,是為了在電子顯微鏡下看而做的準備,而在準備過程中可能人為導致的,因此只是看起來segmented;


2. 看似有這樣的結構(structure),但可能只是來自火山活動,不是來自細菌的分解(decompose);


3. 火星磁場弱,導航沒用,不太可能是magnetite,所以只能是non-living source.


 

本期考題考察的話題屬于托福綜合寫作考試中常見的自然科學類的話題,從詞匯難度和學科背景來說,是很多考試所熟悉的,因此難度上算中等。涉及太空相關的話題,近幾年中也有出現過,例如2017.08.26考過開發太空能源的益處與帶來的問題;2017.12.10考過分析海星死亡的原因。練習的時候,考生們也可以選擇綜合寫作中的分類話題進行練習,比如TPO52,講述關于小行星移民的問題。TPO50,同樣是火星相關的文章。詞匯積累上,考生們可以多熟悉一下天文類的詞匯,避免聽得時候造成困惑。


2019.08.03

The Independent Task

 

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?


Nowadays, parents can learn more from children than children can learn from parents.

 


題目解析:這是一道相對常規的家庭教育類話題考題,并且是一道老題目(20131109CN)。從話題看,主要在說 父母是不是能從孩子身上學到更多。針對這樣的題目,其實雙邊都能有一定的思路。首先,從父母從孩子身上學習,考生們可以從學習一些新的技術和知識,比如說一些當下潮流的應用,現在流行的趨勢等,這些都是孩子更了解,可以教給父母的。另外,孩子們的思維更加的活躍富有創造力,并沒有被世俗的框架限制,可以給父母一些看待問題的新角度。當然,這道題也可以從另一個角度去寫,孩子們從父母身上學習到更多的東西,例如父母有更多的經驗可以傳授給孩子們,另外從學習能力來說,孩子的學習能力更強,相較于父母,能夠吸收更多的知識。


下面我們來看一篇范文:


Parents today are more involved in children’s education than ever before and all desperately want their children to be successful in the future. Consequently, there is a heated debate aroused regarding whether parents learn more from their children than their children learn more from them. Some may argue that parents can learn more from their kids. While, as far as I am concerned, parents can always teach kids something no matter how old they are.


Admittedly, when it comes to advanced knowledge and skills, parents usually learn more from their children, because with the development of science and technology, knowledge has also update. But parents probably cannot keep up with the currents due to the deficiency of learning ability. Conversely, children not only get latest knowledge from school but also get in touch with the new things. Therefore, in the term of exploring new things such as Internet slang or popular applications, children can teach their parents such as messaging their parents some image macros or assisting them to download those new applications.


First and foremost, parents act as a mirror of the children. So, they will unconsciously influence their kids and help them mold moral values, especially in formative years. Indeed, students learn those virtues from school, but in most cases, they just acquire the knowledge in book and have no idea about how to put them into practice. Thus, most of the time kids observe their parents’ behavior and they will do the same when they meet the same thing. For instance, kids usually make lots of mistakes such as breaking the toys or lying to their parents. When those things happen, if parents set the right example for children like forgiving their misbehavior and guiding them to rectify the mistake patiently, children will learn how to forgive and move on in a positive way.


In addition, children, even after they become adults, do turn to their parents for help or suggestion when they encounter some difficulties in workplace. After all, parents have accumulated more experience, resulting in preventing kids from falling into traps. In most cases, the feeling of awkwardness usually occurs because young adults, as the rookie, don't know how to adapt the new environment, how to communicate with their workmates and how to blend in the team. Meanwhile, in current fierce competition, they also need to deal with tight schedule which would lead to tremendous pressure. In this circumstance, due to the fact that parents already experienced the same situation, they can provide some practical suggestions such as they can spend their leisure time with colleagues to have dinner or they can engage in more social activities to extend interpersonal relationship. Therefore, children could gain a lot from their parents.


Based on the above discussion, both parents and children do can gain new stuff from each other. However, even children grow up and become mature, they still can learn more from their parents owing to the fact that parents went through similar situations and have more experience.


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