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2019年7月28日托福寫作考題解析 - 王昳

作者:王昳 2019-09-05 18:11 來源:武漢編輯
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北美考試院 托福寫作組 王昳


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本期考題考察的話題屬于托福綜合寫作考試中考察占比較多一些的歷史類話題,并且重復了2018年和2016年的舊題目。考察的的時間類的題目。 歷史類的作文在TPO中出現的頻率較高,分別出現在TPO44,35 ,33 ,32 ,30,28,18,考生可適度選擇上述提到的TPO材料,熟悉相關話題,分析材料結構和寫作結構。


Keywords: kangaroo; typically; soil samples; indicate; inaccurate


可以類比下列TPO28的綜合寫作。


TPO28 the fact whether Robert Peary has arrived at the North Pole


閱讀部分:


總觀點:Robert 確實去過北極 


? Professional committee conducted an official investigation on his records and equipment


? Another man also successfully arrived at the North Pole in less than 37 days using the same tools and number of dogs as Peary did


? Examination on the photos taken by Peary at North Pole proves the truthfulness.


聽力反駁:


總觀點:關于Peary是否去過北極沒有確切的證據,聽力中給的證據說服力不夠


? 檢查的委員會的成員主要是Peary的親朋好友,因此主觀性比較強。另外,檢查只持續了兩天,Peary自己也說檢查的不夠仔細,因此不夠準確;


? 聽力中的那個年輕人的旅行的條件和Peary很不同。一個是他旅行的時候,不需要攜帶食物,他的食物由飛機投送,因此攜帶的物品重量底。另外,旅行的時候天氣更好,這些條件會讓他速度加快,因此他的案例并不具有參考性。


? 由于Peary拍攝照片的工具,拍攝的照片很不清晰,另外很多年已經過去了,照片已經變得更模糊,所以現代技術并不能準確肯定那張照片是在北極拍攝的。


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題目解析:


本次題目有限定條件,一個是限定對象,是小學生,年齡段是5到10歲。另外一個前提條件是學生已經在學校里面進行足夠多的指導,因此沒有必要在做題目超過30分鐘。在審題的時候,可以從學生的年齡出發,思考對于5-10歲的小學生,到底教育的目的是什么?想要培養孩子的什么能力?這個年齡段的教育存在的意義是什么? 另外,還可以從前提條件出發,真的學校指導是足夠的嗎?目前的小學生的現狀是如何的?等問題出發。


請參考思路拓展



同意

不同意

學業簡單,作業樣式重復,無需寫布置過多

學生成績不一,對于部分學生,課堂上未消化吸收,需要作業鞏固練習

 

全面發展-留時間培養興趣愛好

 

小學是重要階段-為以后打好堅實的基礎

重視提高學習效率-養成良好的學習習慣

 

國內競爭壓力大,即使課上學習好了,也應該多學習,提高競爭力

釋放天性-留時間給孩子玩耍

 


作業太多,做不完,影響身體和心理健康



請參考如下范文:


Nowadays, as the competition between adults become more and more fierce, most children are also suffering great peer pressure on account of the fact that their beloved parents force them to engage in various kinds of extra-curricular activities so as not to be left behind by other kids. Under this circumstance, many schools are demanding that students do assignment for more than 30 minutes. While a number of individuals deem it reasonable, from my perspective, I contend doing chores for less than half an hour per day is enough for the following reasons.


First and foremost, as homework is to enable children to master academic knowledge, to improve their learning efficiency is the most indispensable goal that we need to realize. That is to say, to prolong time does not make sense, because in this way, children may have a false understanding that no matter they truly acquire the knowledge, they will have to do the repetitive homework. As a consequence, they may lower their learning efficiency. Taking my litter sister as an example who is a top student at school, my mother-a college professor has being attaching importance to her study productivity instead of study time,  this little girl gradually develops a good habit of completing her homework the minute she comes home effectively and efficiently. Nonetheless, most of her classmates usually spend 2 to 3 hours doing homework under the request of their parents. Form this case, I draw a conclusion that it is the learning efficiency that really matters for academic performance.


What’s more, for children aged 5-10, academic pursuit is not the most crucial one but all-round development. In other word, supposing that it takes a lot time for children to do homework, there will be a little time left for the development of their hobbies and interests. Study, indeed, is of great significance, however, developing children’s hobbies and enriching their childhood should be given top priority. Childhood is the most imperative period of time when parents can spend quality time with their children and boost parent-child relationship. If it is filled with nothing but infinite homework, when children turn adult and retrospect the time when they are little, I bet they will definitely feel regretful.


Last but not least, too much assignment will exert a harmful influence on the mental and physical health on children. Not only may they become short-sighted, but also they could become an asocial introvert. Recently, I have been reading a book called Unterm Rad, written by the famous German author Herrmann. What impresses me most is that the protagonist had a pathetic children. Even though expert in study, he had no friends. In the end of the book, he could not find the meaning of life. Consequently, he suffered from depression. Fabricated as this novel is, as the old saying goes, art comes from real life, thus I contend there must be some similar tragedies. As a result, I have a firm belief that health is more significant compared to study.


In a nutshell, since children are still young and invigorated, it is advisable for them to enjoy their lives by spending leisure time with intimate friends, parents so as to remain healthy both mentally and physically. As for study, the key to a high grade is the efficiency of learning.   


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