北美考試院 托福口語組 熊宇涵
本月的三場官考均遵照了新托福發布的流程進行。口語部分刪掉了獨立題中的Task 1和綜合題中的Task 5，剩下Task 2, 3, 4, 6。新題號分別為Task 1, 2, 3, 4。在批改方式上，加入了speech rater與考官協同批改。注意：在8月3號和10號的成績單上，只顯示了單項總成績。官網成績單上并未給出單項小分 (Good, Fair, Limited, Weak)，但不排除以后會作出調整的可能性。
8月10號 Task 1(原Task2) - Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Children should be taught to be independent when they are very young. Use specific reasons to support your answer. 你是否同意以下觀點：孩子們在很小的時候就應該被教導去學會獨立。這道題考的相對直接，可以直接談談獨立對一個小孩今后的生活與工作的重要性，例如獨立做決定及解決生活的能力。以往考題中考過去新地方生活的好處，也可以靈活地與此題聯系在一起。由此可見，學習獨立題需要多總結多思考。
8月24號 Task 1 - Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is disrespectful for tourists to take pictures of strangers without their permission. 你是否同意以下觀點：游客在未經陌生人允許的情況下把他們拍下來是不尊重人的行為。絕大部分Agree/Disagree的題型，題目本身都不會太具體，所以可以去找到題干中一些能去展開解釋或討論的字眼，以此會得到一些思路。比如本題中tourists，試想我們旅游時拍照，大家都經常會在拍景觀時照到陌生人或是被照下來。這都是很正常的事情，因為大家都是無意的。相反的，在有意為之時，性質就不一樣了。可以展開解釋題干中的”disrespecful”，比如違背他人意愿，泄露他人隱私，侵犯肖像權等，從而制造沖突。相信這也是大部分人都能想得到的思路。這也可能對相應的詞匯表達的要求會高一點。
8月25號 Task 1 - Some people like to shop in large department stores or supermarkets to buy all things they need. Other people prefer to shop in small specialty stores or shops to buy one specific item at a time. Which do you prefer? Explain why. 一些人喜歡在大超市里買完所有他們需要的東西。其他一些人更喜歡去小型商店一次只買一件特定的商品。你更偏向哪種？解釋原因。這道題屬于生活抉擇類。雖然看起來似乎比較新，但是這一類話題都有一些通用思路，如效率，方便，靈活等。兩種觀點都不難回答。但是第一種觀點可能更符合我們當今社會的購物環境，很多學生會覺得更有話說。
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Children should be taught to be independent when they are very young. Use specific reasons to support your answer.
I agree with the statement. Everyone is born to be an individual, so it doesn’t matter what kind of a family one is born into, he or she will have to live his or her own life when growing up. It is significant to teach a child about his individuality when he is young because this is a big and a life-long lesson to learn. Besides, being independent is also a mindset that can never be developed overnight. It is a process which takes acknowledgment, experiences, devotion, struggles, even compromises. For example, if a parent never teaches a child to earn money to provide for himself, then the child will be more likely to depend on the family financially even after he is an adult. Therefore, for the sake of the child’s future development, this lesson should be started early.
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
It is disrespectful for tourists to take pictures of strangers without their permission.
I agree with the statement. One’s willingness of being taken a picture by the other is completely subjective. This means that someone has the full right to refuse and to stop the act. It is true with people he/she is familiar with and even intimate with, let alone strangers. It is disrespectful because, to put it plainly, asking for permission is a matter of manner that is expected from all. To put it seriously, it ignores and violates one’s subjective will. Who knows what is the motivation behind this act. Nowadays, there are so many criminal activities such as fraud, stealing and using people’s images to make profit. It is always good to be careful. However, there are occasions that people are just not mindful when they are taking pictures. For example, when you are traveling, it’s hard to avoid people sometimes. But it’s good to be mindful about it.
Some people like to shop in large department stores or supermarkets to buy all things they need. Other people prefer to shop in small specialty stores or shops to buy one specific item at a time. Which do you prefer? Explain why.
I prefer to shop in large supermarkets. First of all, undoubtedly, it is convenient. Being caught be a busy schedule, finding time to shop for groceries can be a challenge for many people. So when they can fit this task into their time management, it better be done as soon as possible. And of course, a big store with everything would be helpful and efficient. This is true for myself too. Besides, sometimes when I have a less occupied schedule, I also just simply enjoy being in a big supermarket because of its well-designed environment and the greater variety of commodities. I feel pretty relaxed when I am walking around and looking through some new products, and I don’t ever have to worry about that I won’t be able to find what I need.