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舊托福真題還有用嗎

作者: 2018-12-17 16:57 來源:武漢編輯
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新舊托福分數對比

 

新舊托福有什么區別?新托福是一種上機考試,基于互聯網的新托福考試于2006年開始在世界范圍內推廣。舊托福是紙版托福,只有在美國才有。

 

托福考試改革后,試題和難點發生了很大的變化,舊的托福試題對新托福考試基本上沒有參考價值。有些學生可能會覺得他們的語法環節比較薄弱,但他們找不到合適的題目來練習,用舊托福實體來鞏固自己的語法知識。與新托福相比,舊托福很簡單。如果準備時間足夠,你可以用一些舊托福練手。如果語法需要鞏固,使用舊托福也是一個很好的選擇。但是如果你手頭有新托福練習題目,你最好用新托福的題目來練習。

 

這是老托福的題目。你可以感受一下,看看舊托福和新托福有什么區別。

 

 The first flying vertebrates were true reptiles in which one of the fingers of the front limbs became very elongated, providing support for a flap of stretched skin that served as a wing. These were the pterosaurs, literally the “winged lizards.“ The earliest pterosaurs arose near the end of the Triassic period of the Mesozoic Era, some 70 million years before the first known fossils of true birds occur, and they presumably dominated the skies until they were eventually displaced by birds. Like the dinosaurs, some the pterosaurs became gigantic; the largest fossil discovered is of an individual that had a wingspan of 50 feet or more, larger than many airplanes. These flying reptiles had large, tooth-filled jaws, but their bodies were small and probably without the necessary powerful muscles for sustained wing movement. They must have been expert gliders, not skillful fliers, relying on wind power for their locomotion.

 

Birds, despite sharing common reptilian ancestors with pterosaurs, evolved quite separately and have been much more successful in their dominance of the air. They are an example of a common theme in evolution, the more or less parallel development of different types of body structure and function for the same reason — in this case, for flight. Although the fossil record, as always, is not complete enough to determine definitively the evolutionary lineage of the birds or in as much detail as one would like, it is better in this case than for many other animal groups. That is because of the unusual preservation in a limestone quarry in southern Germany of Archaeopteryx, a fossil that many have called the link between dinosaurs and birds. Indeed, had it not been for the superb preservation of these fossils, they might well have been classified as dinosaurs. They have the skull and teeth of a reptile as well as a bony tail, but in the line-grained limestone in which these fossils occur there are delicate impressions of feathers and fine details of bone structure that make it clear that Archaeopteryx was a bird. All birds living today, from the great condors of the Andes to the tiniest wrens, trace their origin back to the Mesozoic dinosaurs.

 

1. What does the passage mainly discuss?

(A) Characteristics of pterosaur wings

(B) The discovery of fossil remains of Archaeopteryx

(C) Reasons for the extinction of early flying vertebrates

(D) The development of flight in reptiles and birds

2. Which of the following is true of early reptile wings?

(A) They evolved from strong limb muscles.

(B) They consisted of an extension of skin.

(C) They connected the front and back limbs.

(D) They required fingers of equal length.

 


3. The word “literally“ in line 3 is closest in meaning to

(A) creating

(B) meaning

(C) related to

(D) simplified

 

4. It can be inferred from the passage that birds were probably dominant in the skies

(A) in the early Triassic period

(B) before the appearance of pterosaurs

(C) after the decline of pterosaurs

(D) before dinosaurs could be found on land.

 

5. The author mentions airplanes in line 8 in order to

(A) illustrate the size of wingspans in some pterosaurs

(B) compare the energy needs of dinosaurs with those of modern machines

(C) demonstrate the differences between mechanized flight and animal flight

(D) establish the practical applications of the study of fossils

 

6. The word “They“ in line 10 refers to

(A) powerful muscles

(B) bodies

(C) jaws

(D) flying reptiles

 

7. According to the passage , pterosaurs were probably “not skillful fliers“ (lines 10-11) because

(A) of their limited wingspan

(B) of their disproportionately large bodies

(C) they lacked muscles needed for extended flight

(D) climate conditions of the time provided insufficient wind power

 

8. In paragraph 2, the author discusses the development of flight in birds as resulting from

(A) a similarity in body structure to pterosaurs

(B) an evolution from pterosaurs

(C) the dominance of birds and pterosaurs over land animals

(D) a separate but parallel development process to that of pterosaurs

 

9. The word “classified“ in line 21 is closest in meaning to

(A) perfected

(B) replaced

(C) categorized

(D) protected

 

老托福真題有用嗎?

 

10. Which of the following helped researchers determine that Archaeopteryx was not a dinosaur?

(A) Its tail

(B) Its teeth

(C) The shape of its skull

(D) Details of its bone structure

 

11. What is the significance of the discovery that was made in southern Germany?

(A) It is thought to demonstrate that birds evolved from dinosaurs.

(B) It is proof that the climate and soils of Europe have changed over time.

(C) It suggests that dinosaurs were dominant in areas rich in limestone.

(D) It supports the theory that Archaeopteryx was a powerful dinosaur.

 

正確答案:DBBCA DCDCDA

 

所以說舊托福并不是說一點作用沒有,如果手頭沒有新托福的真題,可以拿舊托福的真題來練手。

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