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中心句句型多樣化之not only, but also倒裝句 - 譚蓉

作者:譚蓉 2019-08-23 17:46 來源:武漢編輯
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很多同學的閱讀能力遠超寫作能力,能讀懂復雜句子,但是寫出來的作文句型卻很簡單,尤其是作文的中心句,作為一個段落的點睛之筆,如果句型和詞匯高級一些,當然就更吸引眼球了,今天老師要給大家介紹一個適合很多種作文話題的中心句句型:not only,but also倒裝。


先讓我們賞析一下這個句型吧。


Not only do IT professionals work with people who have little knowledge, but they also face pressure to achieve targets from managers.(留預讀寫三級P59)


IT從業人員不僅要跟缺乏IT技能的人一起工作,還需要面對實現管理人員定的目標的壓力。


Not only does our response become faster when we are faced with danger, but we also benefit from fear by becoming stronger in dangerous situations.(留預讀寫三級P71)


當面對危險時,我們的反應不僅變得更快,我們還能因為在危險的情況下變得更強而從恐懼中獲益。


Not only are individuals recognizing the value of international education, entire countries are expanding their educational offerings, developing strategies to attract the brightest and the best, and to sharpen their global competitive edge.(留預讀寫四級P99)


不僅個人意識到了國際教育的價值,所有國家也正在擴大教育供給品,尋找策略去吸引優秀人才并提高國際競爭力。


從上面的句子我們可以看出,要用not only有這樣一些前提條件:not only和but also都引導句子;not only放句首,注意:not only引導的句子部分倒裝,but also后的句子是正常語序。結構總結如下:not only+疑問語序句子(若句子中有助動詞或情態動詞,則直接將情態動詞或助動詞提到主語前面,若沒有則根據時態人稱在主語前加do/did/does,并將該句子中的實意動詞變原形),but also+陳述語序句子(also放在實意動詞之前)


Not only, but also適用于很多話題的作文,可以放在主題段落中心句位置承上啟下,以下面這個話題為例:The ability to maintain friendship with a small number of people over a long period of time is more important for happiness than the ability to make many new friends easily.Do you agree or disagree?對于這個話題,假設作者的觀點是維持老朋友更重要,論證時作者至少提出維持老朋友的兩個好處,好處一:First of all, old friends usually show stronger loyalty than those new fellows.那我們在寫好處二的時候就可以通過三步寫一個not only的倒裝句。


Step 1:為了使詞匯更多樣化,要對第一個論點進行改寫


Friends you have had for long periods of time are more faithful.


step 2:加not only,改為倒裝句


Not only are friends you have had for long periods of time more faithful.


step 3:倒裝句+新論點


Not only are friends you have had for long periods of time more faithful,but they also tend to show more understanding of you.


再給大家一個例子感受一下這個句型的魅力:Topic:Do you agree or disagree with the  following statement? Playing computer games is a waste of time. Children should not be allowed to play them. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.假設作者的觀點是認為玩電腦游戲并不是浪費時間,且第一個論點是:playing computer games offers children another way to meet more people and gain communication ability.我們同樣通過上面的三步寫出第二個論點。


Step 1:對第一個論點進行改寫


Children can learn how to communicate more efficiently by playing games .


step 2:加not only,改為倒裝句


Not only can children learn how to communicate more efficiently by playing games.


step 3:倒裝句+新論點


Not only can children learn how to communicate more efficiently by playing games, they are also able to acquire more knowledge because of the contents in some games.


綜上所述,想在作文中用到高級句型其實也沒有那么復雜,只要我們平時讀課文時多用心發現,并能學以致用,我們的作文一定會有所進步的。



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