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雅思口語詞匯靈活性之“小詞大用” - 丁梅君

作者:丁梅君 2019-08-23 18:23 來源:武漢編輯
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作者:武漢新航道英聯邦考試院雅思口語組丁梅君


我們大家都知道雅思口語有四項評分標準,其中lexical resource這一項中關于7分的陳述很明確,其中一句話是說“uses vocabulary resource flexibly to discuss a variety of topics” ,那么這里有一個很重要的詞“flexibly”, 也就是“靈活地”,很少有學生會關注它,但是其實在雅思的口語評分標準里,flexibility 是7分及以上一個很重要的得分點。


那么,什么是詞匯靈活性呢?曾經聽過一個笑話,一個正在學習中文的老外問他一個中國朋友,“為什么你們中國人這么暴力?”“啥意思?”“你們特別能打啊。打水打籃球打卡打針打車…” 這真的是學一門外語最常鬧的笑話了。其實不是我們很能打,而是“打”這個字在中文里可以用得很靈活。甚至講一個女明星的臉很能打,其實是在夸她長得美,能艷壓他人。這就叫做詞匯的靈活性。那么同樣,英語也是有詞匯靈活性的。那么如何在雅思口語考試里體現詞匯靈活性呢?大家需要做到兩點,一個是意思上的靈活,第二是詞性上的靈活。下面我們通過講解一些常見小詞來理解flexibility這個概念。


1. life


a)  lead an easy life 過著輕松的生活


I prefer to live in the countryside where I can lead an easy life.


b)  pace of life 生活節奏


Song dynasity is the only era in China which enjoyed a slow pace of life.


c)  start a new life 開始新的生活


I wish I could study overseas in order to start a new life.


d)  be full of life 充滿活力


When I first met her, she was bubbly and full of life.


e)  lifelike 逼真的,栩栩如生的


The biggest benefit of a camera is that it can take amazingly lifelike pictures.


2. enjoy


a) 喜歡


I  enjoy reading biographies about celebrities.  


b) 享受


I prefer to stay at home and enjoy me time (享受個人時光)


c) 享有


Yellow Crane Tower enjoys long history.


d) 享受的,開心的


I find it enjoyable to go on a journey /catch a film.


3. catch


a) catch my eye 吸引我


When I first saw her, she caught my eye deeply.


b) catch up with someone 和…敘舊


spring festival is my all-time favorite, since it’s an important opportunity to catch up with my family members, which helps a lot in bringing us closer together.


c) catchy lyrics and tunes 朗朗上口的歌詞和曲調


 Most of his songs are pop music with catchy lyrics and tunes.


4. open


a)  open one’s mind 開闊思路


Art helps a lot in opening our minds.


b) open one’s eyes=broaden one’s horizon 開闊視野


The meaning of traveling is that it enables us to open our eyes.


c) open the door to 打開通往…的大門


Reading is a great way to open the door to all aspects of knowledge.


5. hit


a)  a hit album 熱門專輯


Over the years, he has released plenty of hit albums.


b)   hit on=hit off 合得來/投緣


We used to hit it off, but now we drift apart.


c)  hit the books 用功讀書


I got up really early yesterday, since I had to hit the books.


6. fix


a) fix sth 修理


Several months ago, my car broke down while I was traveling to Suzhou, which took me a while to fix it.


b) fix one’s mind on 專注


It’s a quiet coffee shop where I can fix my mind on reading.


c) fix a problem 解決問題


Governments should pool resources to fix the environment.


d) fixed adj.固定的


I fancy Jay Chou mainly because he doesn’t create music in a fixed way. For example, he’s able to inject Chinese elements into his music.


7. fame


a) rise to fame 成名


Justin Bieber rose to fame at a really young age.


b) Hall of Fame 名人堂


It was one month ago that Li Na joined the International Tennis Hall of Fame, which means that she has taken her place among the all-time greats of the game.  


c) fame and fortune 名聲與財富


He was always looking for a shortcut to fame and fortune.


8. mind


a)  like-minded 志同道合的


Social networking apps are great platforms where you can meet lots of like-minded people.


b)   beautiful mind 美麗心靈


She is not only a pretty face, but also a gorgeous lady with beautiful mind. For instance, over the years, she has put all her heart and energy into supporting gender equality, which inspires and motivates me to be a more independent and brave person.


c)  have a good state of mind 好的心態


My dad is a person who has a good state of mind, you know, he always looks at things on the bright side.


d) Make up one’s mind 下定決心


I couldn’t make up my mind, so I turned to my friends for advice.


9. hang


a) hang out 閑逛


Yesterday, I was hanging out with my friends in a shopping mall. All of a sudden, my phone started to ring.


b) hang up the phone 掛斷電話


I just hung up the phone, since I found that it was from a person I didn’t know.


c) get the hang of 熟練使用…


I have to spend much time in improving my listening, speaking, reading and writing before I could get the hang of the language.


10. pick


a) pick up sth. 拾起某物


Normally, when I see rubbish on the street, I would pick it up and throw to the trash bin.


b) pick up a skill 學會一項技能


Some people who can pick up languages so easily that we say they have a special gift, a so-called “ear for languages.”


c) pick one’s brains 學習某人的智慧


My grandpa is an old wise owl. I’m able to pick his brains whenever I have a chat with him.


d) a pick-me-up 提神劑


I prefer drinking coffee, for the reason that it’s a good pick-me-up.


11. inspire


a) inspire and motivate someone to do something 激勵某人做某事


He is truly a positive figure, since he’s been inspiring and motivating his fans to work together to make the world a better and more beautiful place.


b) inspirational adj.鼓舞人心的


If it hadn’t been his inspirational words, I would never have been able to accomplish my fitness goal.


c) inspiration n.靈感


She often steps out to enjoy the beauty of nature where she gets inspiration of creating music.


12. raise


a) be born and raised in 土生土長


I was born and raised in a city called Xi’an, which is a time-honored place.


b) raise money 籌錢


He’s a really warm-hearted and sympathetic person, since he always gives a helping hand to others and raises money for people in need.


c) raise someone up 撫養


When I was little, my parents were occupied with their work, so I was pretty much raised up by my grandparents.


d) raise awareness 提升意識


Raising awareness on the personal level is the first step in achieving successful change.


看了以上的例子,大家對于詞匯的靈活性現在是不是有了一個更加全面的認知了呢?



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