400-009-9696

留預二級閱讀之寫作遷移 - 譚蓉

作者: 2019-08-22 17:50 來源:武漢編輯
收藏

詞匯量在兩千多的同學在寫作時經常會遇到各種各樣的問題,如句型和詞匯過于簡單或口語化,在批改作文的過程中經常會看到one day, Do you think so?等口語化的短語或句型;還有一個很重要的問題就是中心句寫完之后無話可說,導致論據乏力,文章只有骨架沒有肉。這些問題當然是有方法可以解決的,那就是模仿,把自己閱讀過的文章或段落遷移到寫作中去,使文章更加充實。今天老師就總結一下留預二級讀寫課本上可遷移到寫作中的段落結構。


1. how to類問題如何寫措施


例子:在二級unit 2 reading 1(話題:How to manage our time?)中有這樣一段話:


【首句提出措施It is important to write your tasks down.】【舉反例Don’t rely on your memory to keep track of every little detail.】 【反例不可行的原因Memory is not always accurate. 】 【中心句措施具體如何實施Write down the things you need to do in a small notebook, or use an online tool to create and update your “to-do”list.】


(第一句原文是Write it down,為方便寫作遷移,老師將這個短語擴成一個完整的句子了)


總結:首句提出措施+舉反例+反例不可行的原因+中心句措施具體如何實施。


以How to keep healthy?為例。


首句提出措施:It is important to have a healthy diet.


舉反例:Don’t eat too much junk food and fried food.


反例不可行的原因:Junk food may cause a number of diseases and you can easily get fat by eating fried food.


中心句措施具體如何實施:You’d better eat more fruit and vegetables. In addition, it is good to have three meals everyday.


It is important to have a healthy diet.Don’t eat too much junk food and fried food.Junk food may cause a number of diseases and you can easily get fat by eating fried food.You’d better eat more fruit and vegetables. In addition, it is also good to have three meals everyday.段落就這樣形成啦,是不是很簡單呢。


其他可遷移話題如:How to break a bad habit? How to develop better study habits? How to get into an overseas graduate school?


2. 列舉法展開段落


例子:在二級unit 7 reading 2(話題:Colors and flags)最后一段:


【中心句Flags are used in many sports to signal and communicate.】 【列舉1:In Australia, yellow and red flags on the beach indicate swimming conditions.】 【列舉2:There are no universal standards, but in auto racing a green flag generally means start, yellow means caution, red means stop, and a black and white checked flag means the race is finished.】


【列舉3:American football uses a yellow flag when a rule is broken, while Canadian football uses an orange flag.】


總結:中心句+列舉1+列舉2+列舉3,列舉多少個可視情況而定


以話題Describe three colors that have symbolic meanings in your culture 為例


中心句:Yellow is a very important color because of its unique meaning.


列舉1: In feudal society, it symbolizes power. During that time, the imperial robe was yellow and the royal palace was painted yellow too, but common people were not allowed to wear yellow clothes.


列舉2:Yellow can also represent wealth. As we know, the color of gold is yellow.  In the past, people often bought products with gold, so people who had a lot of gold were considered to be rich.  


其他可遷移話題如:Do you think it is important to study the oceans? Describe the differences and similarities in consumer behavior between men and women. Do you think it is important to explore the space.等


3.個體-群體-措施寫結尾段


例子:二級unit 4 reading 1(話題:Fuel of the sea)最后一段:


【個體似乎影響不大An individual krill may seem insignificant】, 【整體影響大but as a species they represent one of the most abundant and important animals on Earth.】 【該如何做Healthy krill populations in the future depend on the actions of students studying marine biology today, as well as the actions of everyday people.】


遷移話題:Describe your hero.


個體似乎影響不大:An individual friendly or kind person may seem insignificant for the whole society,


整體影響大:but if the majority of people can help others when they are in need, we will build more harmonious relationships with each other.


該如何做:We need to appreciate these everyday heroes and do what they are doing.


其他可遷移話題:Some people think that the amount of noise people make have to be controlled strictly, others say that people are free to make as much noise as they wish. What’s your opinion?等


看了上面的三個分析有沒有發現其實寫作也是很簡單的呢,所以我們平時一定要多閱讀,而我們的教材就是最好的閱讀材料,閱讀文章時既要把握文章的整體架構,又要研究每個段落是如何組織起來的,有高質量的輸入才會有高質量的輸出。


世界上不缺少美,只是缺少發現美的眼睛。


英語高能高分·就上新航道   >>點擊在線咨詢<<

400-009-9696



  • 品牌簡介
  • 留學服務
  • 課程中心
  • 精品項目
  • 微課
  • 校區地圖
熱門活動

注冊/登錄

+86
獲取驗證碼

登錄

+86

收不到驗證碼?

知道了

找回密碼

+86
獲取驗證碼
下一步

重新設置密碼

為您的賬號設置一個新密碼

保存新密碼

密碼重置成功

請妥善保存您的密碼
立即登錄

為了確保您的帳號安全

請勿將帳號信息提供給他人/機構

成人黄色网